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Definition of Alopecia

Can you imagine a situation where your hair falls out because your body thinks your own hair follicles are the enemy? That’s a real condition, and it’s called alopecia, commonly known as baldness. Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. Male pattern baldness may happen normally or it might be identified with infection or the utilization of specific meds. Side effects of alopecia shift contingent upon the reason for the condition and range from a small bald patch on the head to a total loss of all body hair.

Hair follicles are where the hair begins to grow, so if they are attacked, the hair falls out and sometimes ceases to grow back. Basically, there’s a miscommunication between the immune system and the body ends up attacking itself. Anyone can develop alopecia, though it typically develops in individuals under the age of 20.

Types of Alopecia

Mainly there are 3 types of alopecia depending on how the hair falls

  • Alopecia areata – When hair loss occurs in patches is called Alopecia areata. With this type, hair loss cycles over time. One area may lose hair and then grow back while another area begins losing hair. It is a common autoimmune disease that results in the loss of hair from the scalp and elsewhere on the body. One or more small, round, non-scarring smooth patches are the first sign of

  • Alopecia totalis – When all of the hair on the scalp falls out it is called as alopecia

  • Alopecia Universalis – When all of the hair on the entire body falls out it is called as alopecia

universalis. Luckily, the condition is not contagious, so there is no worry of spreading to your friends or families.

Other types of alopecia include:

  • Scarring Alopecia is caused by the inflammatory process like burns, bacterial infections, ringworm injury, autoimmune diseases, which may cause permanent damage to the hair follicle. It is also known as cicatricial

  • Male Pattern Baldness or Androgenic Alopecia happens in the commonplace thinning up top pattern and happens because of changes in the hormone

  • Diffuse Patterned Alopecia(DPA) is an androgenic sort of alopecia described by diffuse diminishing in front, best, and vertex of the scalp related to a steady permanent

  • Diffuse Unpatterned Alopecia(DUPA) is also androgenic, but lacks a permanent

  • Female Pattern baldness is a common form of balding in females. It occurs in about 40% of menopausal

  • Telogen effluvium occurs as a result of dietary deficiencies, crash diets, high-grade fever, anaemia, blood loss, hormonal imbalance, and pregnancy,

  • The word telogen is known as the resting period of hair and effluvium implies letting free. Telogen effluvium [TE] is a form of non-scarring alopecia characterized by an acute and generalized loss of hair. In most cases, TE recovers spontaneously within 6 months however if the hair loss persists for more than 6 months, it is known as chronic telogen effluvium [CTE.], which is progressively hard to treat and may prompt perpetual male pattern

  • Trichotillomania hair loss is as a result of compulsive or repetitive self-pulling by the patient themselves.

  • Traction Alopecia is because of hairdos that tie or draw the hair so firmly that the hair roots are pulled from the

  • Chemotherapy and male pattern baldness- male pattern baldness happens because of cancer treatment which targets both carcinogenic and healthy cells. This kind of balding takes after anagen effluvium type

  • Hair loss due to the side effect of the beauty treatments Beauty treatments such as hair dyes, bleaching, straightening, softening, rebounding, perming etc., contain harsh chemicals which may trigger hair loss in some


There are many different potential causes of alopecia

  • Hereditary hair loss – If u have a family history of baldness, you may have this type of hair loss due to certain sex hormones which trigger hereditary hair loss it may begin as early as puberty

  • Hair loss due to traumatic causes- In some cases, hair loss may occur due to a break in the hair growth cycle. Significant diseases, medical procedures or horrendous accidents can trigger balding. But in these cases, hair growth is seen after a period of time without treatment

  • Hair loss due to hormonal changes- It is associated with pregnancy, childbirth, discontinuing the use of birth control pills and menopause can also cause temporary hair loss

  • Hair loss due to medical conditions- Such as thyroid disease, alopecia areata ( an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles) & scalp infection like

  • Diseases that cause permanent hair loss due to scarring like types of lupus

  • Medications used to treat cancer, high blood pressure, arthritis, depression & heart problems can also cause hair

  • Hair loss due to physical or emotional shock- such as shock due to death in the family, extreme weight loss, high

  • Hair thinning can also be seen in people lacking diet which includes protein, iron & other nutrients.


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